LOCAL INFORMATION

Location
İzmir, surrounded by the Madra Mountains on the north, Kuşadası Gulf on the south, Tekne Cape of the Çeşme peninsula on the west and Aydın and Manisa provincial borders on the east, embraces the gulf named after it on the west. The length of the city on north-south direction is almost 200 kilometers, and its width on east-west direction is 180 kilometers. Its surface is 12,012 km2. İzmir, which is the third biggest city of Turkey is a modern, developed city and at the same time a trade centre. 
 
Population 
According to the data of TÜİK for the year 2018, the total population of İzmir is 4,320,519.
2,152,585 of this population consists of men and 2,167,934 of it, of women. 
 
Climate 
In İzmir, which is in Akdeniz climate zone, summers are dry and hot whereas winters are warm and rainy. That mountains run perpendicular to the sea and that plains draw near Central Western Anatolia threshold enable the transmission of marine effects to reach up to the interior. The mean yearly temperature in İzmir varies between 16 and 17 oC. Considering the extreme values measured, it is observed that the temperature varies between a maximum of 45.1oC and a minimum of -13oC. 
 
Flora 
İzmir is under the influence of Mediterranean climate in terms of flora. Every kind of Mediterranean plant is present. The maquis flora manifests itself in regions devoid of forests due to overgrazing, fire and land clearing pursuedfor centuries. The maquis flora comprises drought-tolerant shrubs such as juniper, holly oak, cermes oak, wild olive, hackberry, gumwood, phllyrea, staphylea and spartium. Maquisshrublandsmay be seen elevating up to 600 meters from sea level. Most of the mountainside is forestry. The area forests cover in the city is 431,786 hectares. The area that the forests cover is forty-one percent of the city terrain. There are calabrian pines 600 meters up the sea level and larch forests when you go higher. There are indigenous stone pine forests around the Kozak village of Bergama, Güner village of Cumaovası and Helvacı village of Torbalı. Leaved trees such as plane, chestnut, ash tree, willow, poplar, maple, elm and cornel wood are commonly found on hidden and humid streambeds with fertile soil. 
 
Phone call 
Turkey’s international dialing code is 90. It is 232 for İzmir, 312 for Ankara, 212-216 for İstanbul and 224 for Bursa. 
National call -0 + city code + telephone number
International call -00  + country code + city code + telephone number 
 
Mobile Phones 
The main GSM operators in Turkey are Turkcell, Vodafone and Avea. If your phone is available for trunk call, you may use your mobile phone in Turkey. 
 
Money 
The currency is Turkish Liras. 
You may convert the foreign currency at the airport or in your hotel. Local banks are open between the hours of 08:30 and 17:00 from Monday to Friday. 
There are also private exchange bureaus open between the hours of 08:00 and 20:00 in the city. 
 
Credit Cards 
All the main credit cards (visa, mastercard) are valid in restaurants, hotels and stores in Turkey. 
 
Time 
Turkey uses Eastern Europe time. Eastern Europe standard time (EET) is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich time (GMT+2). 
 
Transportation 
İzmir Public Transportation Map 
You can easily travel by subway train, local train, tramway, public bus and ferry services in İzmir and benefit from all the public transport services using “Disposable Type (Ticket 35) Contactless Smart Ticket”. 
 
Access to the City from Adnan Menderes Airport: 
*By municipality bus;
Line route 200; Mavişehir district 
Line route 202; Alsancak district Cumhuriyet Square 
Line route 204; İzotaş (Bornova-Metro-Otogar station) 
 
By Havaş service buses;
To Alsancak, Karşıyaka and Mavişehir from the airport 
Vehicles may be rented from various firms at the airport. 
In Izmir, Cab fares are calculated by adding a rate for each kilometer on the introductory price. 

Introductory price: 3.90 
Kilometer rate: 3.70